Andhra Pradesh is served by more than 20 institutes of higher education. All major arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, business, and veterinary science are offered, with first degrees and postgraduate awards available. Advanced research is conducted in all major areas.
Andhra Pradesh has 1,330 arts, science and commerce colleges; 1,000 MBA and MCA colleges; 847 engineering colleges; 53 medical colleges, and one Indian Institute of Technology (in Hyderabad). The student to teacher ratio in higher education is 19:1. According to the 2001 census, Andhra Pradesh has an overall literacy rate of 61.11% (as per Andhra pradesh Govt's official website). The male literacy rate is 70.3% and the female literacy rate is 67.4%.
Andhra Pradesh is the home to Osmania University, it is one of the oldest modern universities in India. It is one of the largest university systems in the subcontinent with over 300,000 students on its various campuses and affiliated colleges. The Government of Andhra Pradesh has established Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies (RGUKT) in 2008 to cater to the educational needs of the gifted rural youth of Andhra Pradesh. The Institute specializes in teaching and research in Information Technology and other emerging disciplines under the control of a common university Governing Council and following a common syllabus.
The state has recently made strides in setting up several institutes. Andhra Pradesh is home to the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Hyderabad,International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-H), National Institute of Technology NIT Warangal, the Nalsar University of Law, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology(CCMB)Hyderabad, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad, Birla Institute of Technology and Science (Hyderabad Campus), University of Hyderabad, School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada and the Indian School of Business (ISB). The National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) and The Institute of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition are also located in Hyderabad. Also Georgia Institute of Technology, is in the process of setting up their campus in Hyderabad.
Apart from this Andhra Pradesh was home to many more top class university's like English and Foreign Languages University, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Osmania University, Andhra University, Nagarjuna University, Kakatiya University, Sri Venkateswara University, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University, Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, and private engineering colleges like Vasavi College of Engineering,Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology to serve their people across Andhra Pradesh.
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has established the first University of Health Sciences, fulfilling the recommendations of several committees. The Andhra Pradesh University of Health Sciences was established by Act.No. 6 of the Andhra Pradesh legislature and was inaugurated in 1986 by the late Sri N.T. Rama Rao, then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. After the death of its founder Sri N.T. Rama Rao the University was named after him as NTR University of Health Sciences, Andhra Pradesh.